Calf And Heifer

Read advice and tips on topics surrounding calf and heifer production.

Calf and Heifer

California calf pneumonia study

University of California researchers recently conducted a study to evaluate pneumonia in preweaned calves. They looked at various breeds and housing systems, and found that average bovine respiratory disease incidence was 10.25%. Jerseys were more than twice as likely to acquire BRD as all other breeds, and group housing was correlated with a higher incidence of BRD. There was not statistical significance in BRD incidence between calves raised in organic versus conventional settings.


More thoughts on feeding forage to calves

When, how much and what type of forage should be introduced to calves is a subject of ongoing industry debate. A group of Pennsylvania researchers explain there is not a cut-and-dried answer to this issue. Both the starter grain formulation, and the type and form of forage fed, will influence the best timing and outcomes of introducing forages to calves. The key factor is to prevent development of ruminal acidosis, which can occur in young calves just like cows.


Social studies for calves

A team of animal science researchers recently published a study in the Journal of Dairy Science, evaluating how social housing affects pre- and postweaning feeding behavior, and social feeding preferences of dairy calves. Their findings provide more evidence that calves reared in pairs display more frequent and aggressive eating habits, and that eating habits established early in life may impact feeding behaviors into adulthood. The authors also suggest that early socialization is beneficial in easing the transition of weaning.

Calf and Heifer

Another reason to pasteurize waste milk?

A Cornell University researcher suggests low levels of antibiotics in waste milk can encourage the development of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria. He suggests degrading antibiotics may be another valuable benefit of pasteurizing waste milk for calves.

Calf and Heifer

Make the most of the first 24 hours of life

University of Wisconsin calf and heifer researcher Sheila McGuirk shares advice on maximizing lifetime performance by focusing on the critical first day of every calf’s life. McGuirk emphasizes getting calves up and moving, and supporting behavior that encourages oxygen and feed intake.


Young Farmer: Anything is possible

Adam Kolb was selected as a semi-finalist in the American Farm Bureau Federation’s Rural Entrepreneurship Challenge, earning $10,000 to bring new streams of revenue to his fifth-generation family farm near Cleveland, in Manitowoc County, Wis.

Calf and Heifer

Dairy steer nutrition comparison

University of Michigan Extension educator Frank Wardynski compares the economics of raising dairy steer calves on three different preweaning nutrition programs: conventional, accelerated and early weaning. The most profitable program may surprise you.


December: Sources & Resources

From apps and websites to factsheets and reports, this month's Dairy Herd Management list of Sources and Resources covers everything from feeding canola meal to calf dehorning.

Calf and Heifer

Tips for feeding added fat

From the archives of his popular “Calf Notes” series, calf expert Jim Quigley discusses the pros and cons of supplementing milk or milk replacer with added fat in the winter.


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