By Dee Griffin and Richard Randle, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Dehorning and castration of calves intended for beef production are common management practices performed in the U.S. A variety of methods are available to perform these procedures and each has both positive and negative benefits.
By Coleen Jones and Jud Heinrichs, Penn State University
We recently evaluated the costs of feeding pasteurized milk to calves in comparison to other feeding systems considering current market conditions. To do so, we utilized a spreadsheet tool we developed a few years ago with colleagues at Virginia Tech. The results may surprise you.
By J.W. Schroeder, Dairy Specialist, NDSU Extension Service
To ensure constant feed availability and account for feed refusal or weigh back, you must deliver more feed to a pen of dairy cows than those cows will consume. Common recommendations in dairy circles indicate producers should expect 2 to 5 percent feed refusal or weigh back.