Human resource management is just as essential on small dairies as it is on large ones. Richard Stup, senior extension associate with Penn State's Dairy Alliance, offers these points for human resource management on smaller dairies:

1. Delegate responsibilities so that each family member has the opportunity to use his intellect - not just his physical efforts - to help the business.

2. Be diligent about setting aside time to manage your business. If you simply cannot provide both management and labor needs to operate your business effectively, find outside resources - additional management services from a breeding company, custom harvesting services, or a heifer grower - to help you.

3. Maintain standard operating procedures for the tasks performed on your dairy. This allows temporary hired help to run the day-to-day activities on your dairy while you step away for learning opportunities or recreation.