Michigan cows top milk gross income generators in 2013

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Which state's cows had the highest individual gross income from milk production in 2013?

According to USDA’s annual “Milk Production, Disposition and Income” summary, it's Michigan, at $4,944 head.

Dairy Herd Management calculates the gross income-generating capability of an "average" cow in each state, based on the average annual milk production per cow multiplied by the average annual milk price received by dairy farmers in each state. The estimate represents gross income, not net income.

In 2013, Michigan cows led herdmates in other states, producing an average of 24,116 lbs. of milk and earning $20.50/cwt. on milk marketed during the year. They were followed by Colorado ($4,898), Washington ($4,883) and New Mexico ($4,689).

Among the five largest dairy states, California cows generated an average of $4,283; with Wisconsin at $4,404; New York at $4,681; Idaho at $4,500; and Pennsylvania at $4,282.

There was quite a disparity between the top and bottom gross income generators, based on USDA data. “Average” cows in Alaska, Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi generated less than $3,000 each in 2013, due entirely to lower average milk production per cow.

The U.S. average for the year was $4,391/cow, based on average production of 21,822 lbs. of milk and an average milk price of $20.12/cwt. That’s up from $4,031/cow in 2012, and the third consecutive year gross income per cow averaged more than $4,000.

Gross milk income from milk sales per cow, 2013

Ave. milk Ave. milk price Gross income
State (Lbs./year) ($/cwt.) ($/cow/year)
Michigan 24,116 20.50 4,944
Colorado 24,248 20.20 4,898
Washington 23,820 20.50 4,883
New Mexico 24,944 18.80 4,689
New York 22,080 21.20 4,681
Florida 19,374 23.90 4,630
Hawaii 13,409 34.50 4,626
Arizona 23,626 19.50 4,607
South Dakota 21,521 21.10 4,541
Iowa 22,144 20.50 4,540
Nebraska 21,574 21.00 4,531
Indiana 21,761 20.80 4,526
Nevada 22,207 20.30 4,508
Idaho 23,440 19.20 4,500
Texas 21,984 20.40 4,485
New Hampshire 20,846 21.50 4,482
Connecticut 20,611 21.60 4,452
Kansas 21,881 20.20 4,420
Wisconsin 21,693 20.30 4,404
Maine 19,548 22.30 4,359
North Carolina 20,326 21.40 4,350
Oregon 20,439 21.20 4,333
Utah 22,130 19.50 4,315
Wyoming 21,367 20.10 4,295
California 23,178 18.48 4,283
Pennsylvania 19,822 21.60 4,282
Ohio 20,178 21.20 4,278
Georgia 19,500 21.60 4,212
Virginia 18,337 22.90 4,199
Vermont 19,448 21.30 4,142
Rhode Island 19,000 21.80 4,142
Maryland 19,440 20.90 4,063
Minnesota 19,698 20.40 4,018
Illinois 19,371 20.70 4,010
Delaware 19,521 20.50 4,002
Montana 21,286 18.70 3,980
Massachusetts 17,692 21.80 3,857
South Carolina 16,500 23.00 3,795
North Dakota 19,000 19.90 3,781
Oklahoma 17,556 21.50 3,775
New Jersey 18,143 20.60 3,737
Tennessee 15,979 21.50 3,435
Kentucky 15,155 21.50 3,258
Alabama 13,333 23.70 3,160
West Virginia 15,200 20.30 3,086
Missouri 14,663 20.50 3,006
Mississippi 13,214 21.90 2,894
Louisiana 12,875 21.90 2,820
Arkansas 11,667 20.80 2,427
Alaska 10,667 22.00 2,347
United States 21,822 20.12 4,391
Source: USDA Milk Production, Disposition
 and Income report, April 2014

 

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
   
     


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