Which state's cows had the highest individual gross income from milk production in 2013?
According to USDA’s annual “Milk Production, Disposition and Income” summary, it's Michigan, at $4,944 head.
Dairy Herd Management calculates the gross income-generating capability of an "average" cow in each state, based on the average annual milk production per cow multiplied by the average annual milk price received by dairy farmers in each state. The estimate represents gross income, not net income.
In 2013, Michigan cows led herdmates in other states, producing an average of 24,116 lbs. of milk and earning $20.50/cwt. on milk marketed during the year. They were followed by Colorado ($4,898), Washington ($4,883) and New Mexico ($4,689).
Among the five largest dairy states, California cows generated an average of $4,283; with Wisconsin at $4,404; New York at $4,681; Idaho at $4,500; and Pennsylvania at $4,282.
There was quite a disparity between the top and bottom gross income generators, based on USDA data. “Average” cows in Alaska, Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi generated less than $3,000 each in 2013, due entirely to lower average milk production per cow.
The U.S. average for the year was $4,391/cow, based on average production of 21,822 lbs. of milk and an average milk price of $20.12/cwt. That’s up from $4,031/cow in 2012, and the third consecutive year gross income per cow averaged more than $4,000.
|Gross milk income from milk sales per cow, 2013|
|Ave. milk||Ave. milk price||Gross income|
|Source: USDA Milk Production, Disposition|
|and Income report, April 2014|