CME: USDA reinstates reports

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Less than two months after announcing it was discontinuing a number of programs, USDA reversed course and announced on Friday that most, but not all, of the proposed cancellations will be reinstated. Below is a list of reports of interest to livestock market participants and implications:

July Cattle Inventory Report: Reinstated. The midyear cattle inventory survey provide, among other things, an accounting of the number of cattle outside feedyards, a measure of the supply picture in Q3 and Q4. The survey also is closely watched to benchmark estimates of herd expansion/contraction and forecasts for beef supplies two years forward. Market analysts, both at USDA and in the private sector, rely on the cattle inventory data to project forward cattle prices. The data also is a key benchmark used by participants in futures markets to assess forward pricing. Removing the mid-year benchmark would have further increased uncertainty in cattle markets and reduced the reliability of forward estimates provided in official government reports. Needless to say, this was a welcome turn of events and good news for cattle markets.

January Sheep and Goat Report: Reinstated. USDA already had discontinued the July and the announcement that the January report would also be discontinued caught many of the industry off guard. While the US sheep and goat industry has been shrinking for some time, it still represents a significant resource for many rural communities. The US sheep industry has been trying hard in recent years to encourage a rebuilding of the US sheep inventory. The phase out of the January report would have left many in the industry in the dark. Analysts would have had to rely on projections based on the five year census survey to come up with supply/demand balance sheets for US lamb production. USDA indicated that data collection for the January survey will begin on December 23 and the report will be issued on January 27. One item to keep an eye on in the upcoming report is the shift in sheep and lamb numbers in areas that were hit by drought this pas summer. Lamb prices are now at record highs and the market continues to rely on imports for more than half of the overall supply.

click image to zoom Distiller Co-Products for Feed Survey: Discontinued This report was discontinued even before it started. This was supposed to be an annual survey of US livestock and poultry users regarding their consumption of ethanol by products which go into the animal feed supply. So far, analysts have relied on broad ethanol production and feed consumption data to extrapolate the overall consumption of these by-products. The chart above is based on data calculated by Professor Wisner at Iowa State. Based on his projections, ethanol by-products have displaced about 1.2 billion bushels of corn from the national feed supply and export markets. The proposed USDA survey was supposed to provide much more rigorous and nuanced data as to the channels using such products. This would have allowed analysts to improve their projections of corn feed use in forward quarters and likely reduced the volatility in livestock and poultry prices relating to changes in the price of corn, still the primary input in US meat protein production. The survey was also supposed to provide details on the “decision to use the feed, including nutrient values, product consistency, product form, product testing, inclusion rates, economics, shelf life, storage and transportation (” All that will have to wait and industry will continue to rely on projections and estimates. It remains to be seen if this will be covered in the 2012 Ag Census, which will be conducted in late 2012 and 2013.

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