Canada's hog and beef cattle farmers, stinging from a trade dispute with the United States, look to be among the biggest Canadian winners in a free trade agreement sealed with the European Union on Friday.
The deal looks less promising for Canadian dairy farmers, consumers of pharmaceutical drugs and government suppliers, who will face new stiff competition from Europe.
The deal will make Canada the only G8 country - and one of the only developed nations anywhere - with preferential access to the world's two largest markets, the EU and the United States, home to a total of 800 million people, compared to Canada's 35 million.
"The Canadian government has secured real and substantial access to one of the world's few billion-dollar export markets, and they did it ahead of our major competitors," said Canadian Agri-Food Trade Alliance executive director Kathleen Sullivan
Taking advantage of the deal hinges on Canadian meat processors investing in plants that meet strict European requirements, including for example, no use of wood, said Martin Rice, executive director of the Canadian Pork Council.
It will also require more Canadian farmers raising cattle without growth hormones to satisfy European requirements.
Beef and pork groups were pushing Ottawa to negotiate large enough quotas to make such changes by farmers and meat processors like Cargill Ltd, JBS USA, Maple Leaf Foods and Olymel LP economically sound.
Canada wins duty-free access for up to 80,000 tonnes of pork a year, up from an existing quota for 6,000 tonnes, and 65,000 tonnes of beef.
Canada is the world's third-biggest pork exporter and the seventh-largest shipper of beef and veal.
The gains for meat producers come as Canadian shipments of cattle and hogs to the United States have dropped off dramatically due to a dispute over meat labels.
And a deal with Europe, ahead of meat-exporting rival United States, also helps offset Canada's current disadvantage in trade with South Korea, where the United States has a free trade deal in place. Talks have bogged down on a Canada-South Korea deal.
The EU will also reduce tariffs on Canadian wheat, durum, oats and canola oil. Canada is the world's second biggest wheat exporter and the top canola shipper.
Manufacturers, including auto makers, stand to gain from access to the huge European market, said John Boscariol, who heads the international trade and investment law group at McCarthy Tetrault.
CANADA DAIRY, DRUG CONSUMERS, SUPPLIERS MAY LOSE
Canadian dairy farmers are less impressed with the deal, which gives Europe greater access to a highly protected dairy sector that features a system of production quotas for its farmers and a wall of tariffs against imports.