That system remains intact. But European dairies like Parmalat SpA will be able to ship an additional 16,000 tonnes of cheese and 1,700 tonnes of industrial cheese tariff-free annually, giving European producers some 8 percent of Canada's cheese market. Prime Minister Stephen Harper said Ottawa would still compensate dairy farmers who may be hurt by the deal.
The new cheese quotas are on top of Europe's existing quota of 13,500 tonnes, which already accounts for two-thirds of Canada's cheese imports, said Therese Beaulieu, spokeswoman for Dairy Farmers of Canada.
Stronger intellectual property rights in the deal may boost profits for brand-name drug-makers but hurt producers of generic drugs, said Scott Sinclair, senior trade policy researcher with the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives research institute.
"Canadian consumers, provincial drug plans and others are definitely big losers in this," he said.
Companies that supply Canadian governments with services such as road, water pipes and sewer maintenance will also face stiffer competition, Boscariol said, although they will also gain access to the European market.
"When you open that up to the European behemoths like Siemens and others, I think it's going to change the landscape."