Dry soils are dominating the USDA’s weekly crop progress reports for the Corn Belt. And crop condition ratings are verifying the moisture stress on the crop. Nationally, the corn crop dropped from 12 percent excellent last week to 11 percent this week. It also dropped from 54 percent good last week to 52 percent this week. As the overall crop rating slides downward, more is shifted into the fair and poor categories. It is the same with soybeans. The 9 percent that were excellent last week have fallen to 8 percent this week. Last week, 51 percent were in good condition, but that is 48 percent this week. And like corn, the fair and poor categories are getting larger. Let’s take a look at state details…
In Illinois, topsoil moisture is rated at 24 percent very short, 46 percent short, 29 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Even with the rain, many counties are reporting signs of stress in both corn and soybeans. Corn conditions were rated at 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Soybeans planted still stands at 99 percent with many farmers waiting on more moisture before they finish planting. Soybean conditions were rated at 4 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.
In Indiana, corn condition fell again and is now rated 37 percent good to excellent compared with 55 percent last year at this time. Soybean condition also fell further and is now rated 32 percent good to excellent compared with 56 percent last year at this time. Topsoil moisture is 42% very short, 43% short and only 15% adequate.
In Iowa, the past reporting week brought seasonal temperatures and welcome rainfall to Iowa. There were four episodes of widespread rainfall. Corn conditions improved slightly for the week. Conditions for all other crops declined during the week, with the largest decreases in the northern third of the state. Topsoil moisture levels improved to 14 percent very short, 40 percent short, 45 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Corn condition is reported at 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Soybean condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 11 percent excellent.
Kansas producers received no break from the heat last week, though most of the State did receive some much needed rain. Topsoil moisture supplies improved to 23 percent very short, 39 percent short, 37 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. At 80 percent, the wheat harvest was over two weeks ahead of the previous year at 22 percent and the 5-year average at only 7 percent. Corn continued to progress over a week ahead of normal as 10 percent of the crop was reported to be in the silking stage by Sunday, compared to only 1 percent for both the previous year and 5-year average. The condition of the corn crop declined slightly to 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. The condition of the crop declined to 3 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.