A few rain showers moved through the State early in the week, but conditions quickly dried out due to the hot temperatures. The southern part of the state also received several days without rain and producers took advantage of the much needed sunshine and dry weather. Both corn and soybean conditions remain variable, dependent largely on the amount of rain received within the last month. Corn is rated 73 percent good to excellent and 21 percent fair. 9 percent of it has silked. Soybeans are 69 percent good to excellent and 22 percent fair. 44 percent are blooming and 8 percent are setting pods.
Dry weather diminished both topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies to 7 percent surplus, a reduction from last week’s 25 and 21 percent, respectively. Corn condition increased to 63 percent good or excellent. Ninety-six percent of the soybeans have emerged. Five percent of the soybeans are blooming, which is 16 percentage points behind the normal pace. Soybean conditions also improved to 63 percent good or excellent.
Topsoil moisture supply was 9 percent very short, 44 percent short, 46 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Topsoil rated short and very short increased 30 points last week. Subsoil moisture supply was 3 percent very short, 30 percent short, 66 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Precipitation averaged 0.24 of an inch statewide. Corn silked was 30 percent complete, 22 days behind last year and 11 day behind normal (5-year average). Two percent of corn was in the dough stage, 20 days behind last year and 12 days behind normal. Corn condition was 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Soybeans were 95 percent emerged, 15 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. Soybean blooming was 7 percent complete, 17 days behind last year and 11 days behind normal. Soybean condition was 4 very poor, 9 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Some recently planted soybeans need a rain to emerge.
Dryland crop conditions declined due to above normal temperatures and limited rainfall. Topsoil moisture supplies declined and rated 17 percent very short, 45 short, 38 adequate, and 0 surplus. Statewide, subsoil moisture supplies also declined and rated 28 percent very short, 41 short, 31 adequate, and 0 surplus. All corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 54 good, and 17 excellent. Irrigated corn conditions rated 81 percent good or excellent, compared to 78 average. Dryland corn conditions rated 57 percent good or excellent, compared to 69 average. Corn silking was 14 percent complete, behind 67 last year and 36 average. Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 59 good, and 11 excellent. Thirty-nine percent of the crop was blooming, behind 60 last year but near 40 average. Two percent of the crop was setting pods, behind 12 last year but near 4 average.