July U.S. milk production up 3.9%

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Nationally, July 2014 milk production was estimated at 17.450 billion pounds, up 3.9% from July 2013, according to USDA’s monthly report.

HighGround Dairy’s Eric Meyer termed the report bearish vs. market expectations; Dave Kurzawski, FCStone, called the report “decidedly bearish.”

U.S. milk cow numbers were estimated at 9.272 million head, 5,000 head more than June 2014 and 37,000 more than July 2013. Production per cow averaged 1,882 pounds for July, up 64 pounds from the same month a year earlier.

July milk production in the 23 major states totaled 16.389 billion pounds, up 4.0% from July 2013. June revised production, at 16.227 billion pounds, was up 2.3% from June 2013. The June revision represented an increase of 50 million pounds (0.3%) from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Milk cow numbers in the major states was 8.578 million head, up 6,000 from June 2014 and 56,000 head more than July 2013. Production per cow in those sates averaged 1,911 pounds for July, 61 pounds more July 2013, and the highest production per cow for July since USDA’s 23-state series began in 2003.

Eleven states reported increases in cow numbers compared to a year ago, with largest year-to-year increases in Texas (+35,000); Michigan (+10,000); Colorado (+8,000); and Idaho and Kansas (each +6,000). Ten states posted declines in cow numbers, led by Ohio and Minnesota (-5,000) and Pennsylvania (-4,000). Cow numbers in Florida and Oregon were unchanged.

Cooler temperatures in some regions of the country likely combined with cheaper feed prices to help boost July milk production per cow compared to a year earlier. Five states – Arizona, Illinois, Michigan, Vermont and Virginia – saw monthly output grow by more than 100 pounds per cow compared to a year earlier.

 

Milk production, U.S. and major dairy states, July 2013-2014


 

Cows

 

Milk per cow

Total milk 

 production

 

(1,000 head)

(Lbs./month)

(Mil. lbs.)

(Mil. lbs.)

Change

 

July 2013

July 2014

July 2013

July 2014

July 2013

July 2014

2013-2014

Ariz.

188

193

1,845

1,960

347

378

8.9

Calif.

1,780

1,778

1,895

1,980

3,373

3,520

4.4

Colo.

137

145

2,100

2,135

288

310

7.6

Fla.

123

123

1,630

1,710

200

210

5.0

Idaho

574

580

2,045

2,105

1,174

1,221

4.0

Ill.

97

95

1,550

1,660

150

158

5.3

Ind.

177

179

1,785

1,875

316

336

6.3

Iowa

210

207

1,835

1,890

385

391

1.6

Kan.

136

142

1,820

1,845

248

262

5.6

Mich.

381

391

2,010

2,120

766

829

8.2

Minn.

465

460

1,645

1,660

765

764

-0.1

N.M.

324

323

2,125

2,130

689

688

-0.1

N.Y.

610

615

1,860

1,935

1,135

1,190

4.8

Ohio

271

266

1,650

1,735

447

462

3.4

Ore.

123

123

1,765

1,750

217

215

-0.9

Penn.

534

530

1,630

1,690

870

896

3.0

S.D.

95

97

1,830

1,845

174

179

2.9

Texas

435

470

1,885

1,840

820

865

5.5

Utah

92

95

1,915

1,940

176

184

4.5

Vt.

135

132

1,620

1,730

219

228

4.1

Va.

95

92

1,480

1,585

141

146

3.5

Wash.

268

272

2,040

2,070

547

563

2.9

Wis.

1,272

1,270

1,820

1,885

2,315

2,394

3.4

23-State

8,522

8,578

1,850

1,911

15,762

16,389

4.0

U.S.

9,235

9,272

1,818

1,882

16,788

17,450

3.9

1/ Includes dry cows. 




Excludes heifers not yet fresh.      

Source: USDA









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