With the current Farm Bill set to expire on Sept. 30, many sectors of agriculture will go on unscathed.

Many programs, including the farm commodity programs, food stamps and some research and conservation programs will continue without a new bill, an article in U.S. News and World Report pointed out on Tuesday.

Not having a Farm Bill won't be a problem unless you're a dairy farmer, the article says. Read more.

An important safety net for dairy farmers, the Milk Income Loss Contract (MILC) program, will expire with the current Farm Bill. 

Acknowledging this, a bipartisan group of U.S. senators has sent a letter to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and House Speaker John Boehner. 

“Dairy farmers across the country have benefited from the MILC program during difficult times and we fear that failure to maintain the program at its previous levels will saddle dairy farmers with significant risks as their feed prices continue to skyrocket,” the letter said. 

Here is the letter and the senators who signed it:

Dear Majority Leader Reid and Speaker Boehner:

Given the mounting challenges facing our nation’s dairy farmers, we write to bring a matter of particular concern to your attention. 

On Sept. 1, 2012, the Milk Income Loss Contract program, which has provided a vital safety net to dairy farmers across the country during times of low milk prices and high input costs, began to provide coverage at a reduced level. The level of coverage is so low that the program is not expected to be triggered even in these times of high feed prices. Most concerning to us is the change in the program’s feed cost adjuster, which was created in the 2008 Farm Bill to address volatile swings in feed prices. This change in particular has put our farmers at far greater risk as this year’s drought continues to impact much of the country and drive up the cost of feed. In addition, instead of offering dairy farmers coverage at 45 percent of the difference between the target price and the actual price, the program now only provides coverage at 34 percent of this difference. The program’s volume cap has also declined, falling from 2.985 million to 2.4 million pounds per dairy farmer

We understand that the Senate-passed Farm Bill and the House Agriculture Committee’s Farm Bill both move to eliminate the MILC program in favor of a new policy. However, until a new Farm Bill has been enacted and USDA has a dairy program in place, we urge you to find the necessary offsets to maintain the MILC program at its previous coverage levels for the duration of any extension of current policy. Dairy farmers across the country have benefited from the MILC program during difficult times and we fear that failure to maintain the program at its previous levels will saddle dairy farmers with significant risks as their feed prices continue to skyrocket.

Thank you for your consideration of our request. We stand ready to work with you to address this critical issue for our nation’s dairy farmers.

Sincerely,

Patrick Leahy

Olympia J. Snowe

Herb Kohl

Joseph I. Lieberman

Bernard Sanders

Sherrod Brown

Al Franken

Robert P. Casey, JR.

Jack Reed

Kirsten E. Gillibrand

Susan Collins

Jeanne Shaheen

Ron Wyden

Richard Blumenthal

Barbara Mikulski

Scott P. Brown

John Kerry

Benjamin Cardin

Kelly A. Ayotte

Claire McCaskill 

Amy Klobuchar