Southeast: Producers were still shipping hay from out of region. There was some hay harvesting being done, but yields were light. Some areas saw their last rain more than a month ago on Oct. 8. Winter pastures planted prior to the rain on Oct. 8 were up. A lot of acreage was seeded after Oct. 8, but much of that had yet to germinate before the rains. In Burleson County, nearly all oats germinated but then died. In Montgomery County, a few landowners prepared to plant winter annuals in hopes of getting some moisture later. In Brazoria County, dry conditions continued, along with high winds.
Southwest: Dry conditions continued, with livestock still needing supplemental feeding. Winter-wheat plantings neared completion. Already planted winter wheat and forages needed rain.
West Central: The region had very pleasant days with much cooler nights. Some areas had the first freeze of the season. Field activity, including small-grain planting, continued. All small grains were planted to be used for grazing. Rangeland and pastures began to decline again. Warm-season grasses shut down due to cool temperatures. Winter annuals came up but had little growth, and ranchers had to continue feeding hay and supplemental protein. Sheep and goats were doing well on winter sprouts and cool-season grasses. Hay was in short supply and of poor quality. Selling of livestock slowed as most producers who still have cattle were trying to hold the remainder of their herd through winter. Fly populations increased but were expected to drop when colder weather arrives. The pecan harvest was under way.