Of the red meat imported by China, 39% was pork, but not hams, chops and loins, “Variety meat items such as ears, stomachs, and intestines bring a much higher value in China than here in the United States. Whole muscle cuts of pork have been imported for further processing into sausage and other processed products.” In the poultry trade, 85% of US chicken paws are exported to China, but an attempt to export leg quarters resulted in trade sanction for alleged dumping. In beef trade, China closed its doors to US beef following the 2003 discovery of a dairy cow with BSE, and the market has not been reopened.
China’s political policies and food needs are not on the same track say Fritz and Stuart. China has a policy of self-sufficiency, low prices, and compliance with global trade rules are in conflict with each other. In the midst of that, they feel the current agricultural trade relationship with the US will grow, but with a strengthening of trust between the two. They also say the USDA’s food Safety and Inspection Service along with the Food and Drug Administration should be allowed to do their scientific work without Chinese political influence trumping it. And thirdly China should embrace international standards.
China has 1.3 billion people to feed and in a country with a policy of food self sufficiency, that can create some shortage issues. The citizenry has economic power to purchase meat proteins and China is a global leader in pork and beef production, but also must import meats as well as import feeds for its livestock herd. While the self sufficiency is not being met, China is also trying to produce a low cost food, but at the same time violating global trade rules which it recently accepted. For US producers, China is expected to be a regular customer of feed grains, soybeans for livestock feed, and meats.
Source: FarmGate blog