Statewide, April through June had above normal precipitation, while July through September had below normal precipitation. Of the nine reporting districts, five had Aprils in the top five wettest on record, with the Southeast district breaking the previous record. Four districts had Mays in the top ten wettest on record and four had Julys in the top ten driest on record.
Due to cold, wet conditions in April, corn was only 4 percent planted on May 5, 22 percentage points below the five year average. Planting dragged on through May and June as farmers worked around wet spots and dodged rain storms.
Reporters noted that some fields intended for corn for grain were switched to soybeans and shorter season varieties, and that wet conditions interfered with spraying. Corn reached 98 percent emerged on July 7, a full 20 days behind the five year average. Sixty three percent of the crop was rated in good to excellent condition on that date. Condition then declined due to lack of precipitation; corn on light soils was reportedly showing drought stress only three weeks into July, even in areas where moisture had been excessive.
Inadequate precipitation combined with late planting and below average temperatures kept development behind normal statewide. Corn silage harvest began the week ending September 1, with farmers chopping non‐pollinated and dried up corn to supplement short feed supplies and poor pastures. Corn for grain harvest began the week ending September 29. However, rains throughout October and November meant high grain moistures and soggy fields.
On November 24, corn for grain was 82 percent harvested, 5 points behind the five year average. Reporters noted that yields were highly variable and that some corn intended for dry grain was taken for silage or high moisture corn instead.
One percent of soybeans were planted on May 12, 12 points behind the five year average. Planting and emergence then fell further and further behind average throughout May and June. On June 16, soybeans were 72 percent planted and 49 percent emerged, compared to a five year average of 97 percent planted and 84 percent emerged.
Planting continued through mid‐July because of wet field conditions and because some fields intended for corn were switched to soybeans late in the season. Soybeans were 98 percent emerged and 66 percent in good to excellent condition on July 14. The late start combined with cool temperatures and low soil moisture kept the crop’s development between 10 and 20 percent behind normal throughout the summer.