Planting is progressing, despite all of the serious challenges

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USDA’s Crop Progress and Condition report for May 13 indicated that 28 percent of the corn had been planted, compared to 12 percent last week and 85 percent for last year with a 65 percent five year average. Only 5 percent is emerged, compared to 52 percent last year and 28 percent for the five year average.  Soybean planting is 6 percent nationally, compared to the 24 percent five year average for May 12th. 

Only 29 percent of the winter wheat is headed, compared to 51 percent for the five year average.  Wheat conditions remain fairly stable with 39 percent in poor to very poor condition and 32 percent in good to excellent condition. 43 percent of the spring wheat has been planted, but Minnesota and North Dakota are both behind the national average, and were either finished or nearly so last year at this time. 

A state by state look follows...

Illinois 

Farmers in Northern and Eastern Illinois last week were able to plant corn where soils were dry enough. Little progress was made across the rest of the state as farmers were sidelined waiting for saturated soils to dry. Rains fell again late in the week stalling any drying that had occurred.  Corn planting progressed to 17 percent complete across the state now compared to 94 percent last year and 64 percent for the five-year average. Concerns are growing regarding the wet soils and lateness for corn planting as well as diseases due to the wet weather in the wheat crop.  Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 47 percent adequate, and 53 percent surplus. The driest soils were in Northern and Eastern Illinois. Subsoil moisture was rated as 3 percent short, 62 percent adequate and 35 percent surplus.

Indiana

Thirty percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted at this time compared with 92 percent last year and 54 percent for the 5-year average. At this time farmers are ahead of both 2009 and 2011 when approximately 15 percent and 18 percent of the corn acreage had been planted respectively. Six percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 65 percent last year and 26 percent for the 5-year average.  Eighty percent of the winter wheat acreage is jointed compared with 98 percent last year and 89 percent for the 5-year average. Nineteen percent of the winter wheat acreage is headed compared with 78 percent last year and 33 percent for the 5-year average. Winter wheat condition is rated 73 percent good to excellent compared with 74 percent last year at this time. Topsoil moisture is 53 percent adequate and 46  percent surplus.  Subsoil moisture is 69 percent adequate and 29 percent surplus.

Iowa

Fifteen percent of Iowa’s corn acreage has been planted compared with 86 percent at this time last year and the five-year average of 79 percent. This is the first year since 1993 that less than 20 percent of corn acres were planted by May 12th. Soybean planting was 1 percent compete, well behind last year’s 34 percent and the five-year average of 30 percent. This is the latest start to soybean planting since 1995.   Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 27 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 20 percent short and 63 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus.

Kansas 

Corn planting was 31 percent complete, well behind 88 percent last year and 73 percent average. Five percent of the crop was emerged, well behind 60 percent last year and over 2 weeks behind 36 percent average.   Soybean planting was 1 percent complete, behind the 37 percent last year and 18 percent average.   The winter wheat crop was 80 percent jointed, behind 100 percent a year ago and 96 percent average. The crop was 9 percent headed, well behind 97 percent a year ago and 3 weeks behind 52 percent average. The condition rated 21 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 25 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. After review of the crop following unusual weather in April, just under half of the crop had no freeze damage.   Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 14 percent very short, 18 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 26 percent very short, 29 percent short, 42 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

Michigan 

Five days were suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending May 12 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Warm, dry weather early in the week allowed for considerable planting progress to be made in southern Michigan.   Corn planting went full bore until wet, cold weather stopped planters on Friday.  32 percent of corn is planted compared to 5 percent last week and 58 percent last year.  1 percent of corn is emerged.  13 percent of soybeans are planted, compared to 30 percent last year.   Wheat and hay remain in very good condition. Winter wheat is rated 60 percent good to excellent and 29 percent fair.  Topsoil and subsoil moisture are both about 75 percent adequate.

Minnesota 

Minnesota farmers were finally able to make significant planting progress during the week ending May 12th.  Corn is 18 percent planted, well behind both last year’s 86 percent and the average of 68 percent.  2 percent of soybeans are planted, compared to 40 percent at this time last year. Spring wheat is 19 percent planted, compared with 100 percent last year and the average of 65 percent.  Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 15 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 9 percent very short, 30 percent short, 56 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. 

Missouri 

Corn planting was 28 percent complete, 32 days behind last year and 22 days behind normal. The northwest district increased 21 points and the east-central district increased 13 points last week. Corn emerged was 14 percent complete, 25 days behind last year and 15 days behind normal. Soybean planting was 1 percent complete.  Winter wheat headed increased 24 points to 37 percent complete, 32 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal. Winter wheat condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Topsoil moisture supply was 65 percent adequate and 35 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus. Spring tillage was 47 percent, compared to 91 percent last year, and the 5 year average (normal) of 68 percent.

Nebraska 

Corn planting was most advanced in south central counties and least in northeastern areas where precipitation has been 25-50 percent above normal since April 1.  Average temperatures were again below normal, with lows dipping below freezing in some areas.  Soil temperatures as of Sunday were 55 degrees or higher throughout the state.  Corn planted was 43 percent, well behind last year’s 89 and 10 days behind 77 average. Emerged was 2 percent, well behind last year’s 52 and 25 average.  Soybeans planted was 7 percent, behind last year’s 56 and 33 average.  Wheat conditions rated 14 percent very poor, 34 poor, 40 fair, 12 good, and 0 excellent. Wheat jointed was 34 percent, well behind last year’s 94 and 2 weeks behind 67 average.  Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 25 short, 59 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 40 percent very short, 42 short, 18 adequate, and 0 surplus.

North Dakota

According to reports, the warmer, drier weather allowed almost all producers across the state to either start preparing their fields for planting or make good progress in getting their crops in the ground. Statewide, on average, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. High winds have caused newly planted fields to dry quickly.  Corn planting rated 18 percent complete, behind 79 percent last year and 43 percent average. Soybean planting rated 3 percent complete, behind last year at 45 percent and 14 percent average.  Spring wheat seeding rated 26 percent complete, still behind last year at 92 percent and 53 percent average, but advanced 19 percentage points from last week. Emergence rated 1 percent, behind last year at 65 percent and 25 percent average. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 21 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 7 percent very short, 30 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. 

Ohio

The warmer temperatures and low precipitation made it a great week for field work. Producers worked steadily through the week to make considerable progress on corn and oat planting. Rain showers late in the week put a halt to field work in some areas, although many producers worked between showers to continue their momentum. Soybean planting also saw an increase this week, but is slightly behind average as farmers have been focused on corn planting.  Corn planting is 46 percent complete, compared to 7 percent last week and 83 percent a year ago. 2 percent is emerged, compared to 53 percent last year.  16 percent of soybeans have been planted compared to 44 percent last year and 5 percent of the winter wheat is headed.  72 percent of the winter wheat is in good to excellent condition.  78 percent of the topsoil has adequate moisture and 19 percent is surplus.  91 percent of the subsoil has adequate to surplus moisture.

South Dakota

Seeding of small grains was above 70 percent and corn planting was over one-third complete. Corn planting also advanced 30 percentage points with 37 percent rated complete, behind last year at 76 percent and 46 percent average. One percent of corn has emerged, behind last year at 35 percent and 10 percent average.  Soybean planting rated 6 percent complete, behind last year at 25 percent and 10 percent average.  Spring wheat seeding advanced 30 percentage points with 76 percent rated complete, behind last year’s 100 percent and 88 percent average. Spring wheat emerged rated 20 percent complete, also behind last year at 95 percent and 56 percent average. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 25 percent short, 59 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 29 percent very short, 43 percent short, 27 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. 

Wisconsin

Corn was 14 percent planted, 32 percentage points behind the five-year average. Soybeans were 1 percent planted this week, compared to 14 percent last year and a 13 percent five-year average.  Corn, soybeans, oats and vegetables were being planted where conditions permitted. Reporters commented that the high percentage of tillage completed last fall will help fieldwork go faster in this unusually late spring season.  Corn was 14 percent planted, 32 percentage points behind the five-year average. Soybeans were 1 percent planted this week, compared to 14 percent last year and a 13 percent five-year average.  Corn, soybeans, oats and vegetables were being planted where conditions permitted. Reporters commented that the high percentage of tillage completed last fall will help fieldwork go faster in this unusually late spring season. Topsoil moisture is 73 percent adequate and 26 percent surplus.  Subsoil moisture is 79 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus.

Summary:

USDa corn planting at 28 percent slowest planting pace for this date since the flood year of 1993 when only 27 percent of the crop was planted.  Emergence is at 5 percent vs. 52 percent last year and 28 percent on average.  Soybean planting is at 6 percent complete vs. 43 percent last year and 24 percent on average.  32 percent of winter wheat is Good to Excellent, which matches previous week; 39 percent Poor to Very Poor; matches the previous week, but 1 percent shift to very poor.

Source: Farmgate blog


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