USDA’s Crop Progress and Condition report for May 13 indicated that 28 percent of the corn had been planted, compared to 12 percent last week and 85 percent for last year with a 65 percent five year average. Only 5 percent is emerged, compared to 52 percent last year and 28 percent for the five year average. Soybean planting is 6 percent nationally, compared to the 24 percent five year average for May 12th.
Only 29 percent of the winter wheat is headed, compared to 51 percent for the five year average. Wheat conditions remain fairly stable with 39 percent in poor to very poor condition and 32 percent in good to excellent condition. 43 percent of the spring wheat has been planted, but Minnesota and North Dakota are both behind the national average, and were either finished or nearly so last year at this time.
A state by state look follows...
Farmers in Northern and Eastern Illinois last week were able to plant corn where soils were dry enough. Little progress was made across the rest of the state as farmers were sidelined waiting for saturated soils to dry. Rains fell again late in the week stalling any drying that had occurred. Corn planting progressed to 17 percent complete across the state now compared to 94 percent last year and 64 percent for the five-year average. Concerns are growing regarding the wet soils and lateness for corn planting as well as diseases due to the wet weather in the wheat crop. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 47 percent adequate, and 53 percent surplus. The driest soils were in Northern and Eastern Illinois. Subsoil moisture was rated as 3 percent short, 62 percent adequate and 35 percent surplus.
Thirty percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted at this time compared with 92 percent last year and 54 percent for the 5-year average. At this time farmers are ahead of both 2009 and 2011 when approximately 15 percent and 18 percent of the corn acreage had been planted respectively. Six percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 65 percent last year and 26 percent for the 5-year average. Eighty percent of the winter wheat acreage is jointed compared with 98 percent last year and 89 percent for the 5-year average. Nineteen percent of the winter wheat acreage is headed compared with 78 percent last year and 33 percent for the 5-year average. Winter wheat condition is rated 73 percent good to excellent compared with 74 percent last year at this time. Topsoil moisture is 53 percent adequate and 46 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is 69 percent adequate and 29 percent surplus.