With these challenges in mind, conference participants used the three days of talks, panel discussions and informal conversations to better focus the priorities for research into climate-smart agriculture. As the meeting was drawing to a close, the following recommendations began to take shape:
- Farmers, land managers, livestock producers and fishers should be involved in making decisions about sustainable development, alleviating poverty and climate-smart agriculture.
- Research that draws on many different disciplines and involves multiple stakeholders at many different scales is essential for reducing poverty, greenhouse gas emissions and vulnerability to climate change.
- Markets and financial mechanisms can support farming practices that lessen and adapt to climate change, as well as food systems that increase food distribution and reduce waste.
- Greater emphasis on landscape and regional analysis will reveal tradeoffs as well as synergies between various climate-driven changes.
- Innovation and transformative changes in behavior, plus novel science-policy partnerships at local and global scales, are crucial for both mitigating climate change and adapting to its impacts.
- The impact of climate and extreme weather events on migration from rural to urban communities needs to be better quantified in order to develop strategies for promoting healthier food chains.
Conference leaders began making tentative plans to convene the next Climate-Smart Agriculture Conference in 2015 in Montpellier, France.
In addition, another climate-focused international meeting, the Third Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change, will be held in December 2013 in South Africa.
Meanwhile at UC Davis, Katehi said, research on climate-smart agriculture will continue in collaboration with the global community:
“We at UC Davis are committed to remaining engaged in this crucial global dialogue, and look forward to participating in future efforts to continue laying the groundwork for the policy and research breakthroughs that will bring us tangible solutions.”