There is probably no surprise, but Monday’s USDA Crop Progress and Condition Reports reflected the lateness of the crop and increasing stress for both corn and soybeans. The weather has not been friendly, a blend of parched fields in the western Corn Belt and flooded fields in the eastern Corn Belt. It just can’t seem to get a break.
Nationally, the corn crop is rated 17 percent excellent, 49 percent good, 25 percent fair, and 9 percent poor to very poor, according to the July 15 Crop Progress and Condition Report. That is a 2 percent slide out of the good to excellent category from last week, but well above 2012 since the drought had taken a choke hold by this time last year and only 31 percent was rated good to excellent and 38 percent was poor to very poor already. While 67 percent of the corn was silking by this time last year, only 16 percent is silking now and that is less than half of the 35 percent average for the past 5 years.
Nationally, soybeans are rated 13 percent excellent, 52 percent good, 27 percent fair and 8 percent poor to very poor. Last week it 12 percent were excellent, 55 percent were good, 26 percent fair and 7 percent poor to very poor. In 2012 at this point in the season, about one-third of the beans were each rated poor to very poor, fair, and good to excellent. 26 percent of the soybeans are blooming and that compares to 40 percent for the 5-year average.
While the crop nationally changed slightly from the past week, there were several states that had some major declines in the performance of their crops, due to weather stresses. With Ohio fields flooded, crop quality is declining. And western states are reporting crop conditions that are reminiscent of dry soils in the 2012 growing season. Here are some things to watch for, as you review the USDA’s state by state reports:
- Among the major corn states, weekly ratings were up for 7 states and down for 11 states. Corn ratings were down 9 percent in KS, 7 percent in OH, and 13 percent in TX.
- If the 2012 ratings are eliminated, corn is typically rated 67 percent good to excellent for the second week in July and soybeans are typically rated 64 percent good to excellent.
- Among the major soybean states, weekly ratings were up for 4 states and down for 9 states. Soybean ratings were down 7 percent in KS, 8 percent in LA,21 percent in MS and 7 percent in OH.
Crops were growing at a steady pace last week and were looking good. However, more rain will be needed to continue this pattern in crop development. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 16 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Corn conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 19 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming progressed to 32 percent with soybean conditions rated as 2 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.