Purdue University has established the Center for Global Food Security to take up one of the world's most pressing challenges: getting enough food to people who need it the most today and producing enough to meet even greater demand in years to come.
The center, a year in the making, has begun operations at the university's Discovery Park, a $500 million complex of organizations leading large-scale collaborative research efforts on campus.
"We are looking not only at food, agriculture and natural resource solutions for today but also for future generations," said the center's executive director, Gebisa Ejeta, Distinguished Professor of Agronomy and a 2009 World Food Prize laureate. "We must define what our legacy will be."
The issue of food security is a deepening global concern as the need for more food continues to increase with a rapidly growing world population. About 1 billion of the world's nearly 7 billion people suffer from chronic hunger because of economic, social, political and environmental conditions. Scientists project that agriculture will need to double plant and animal production by 2050, producing it more efficiently and safely on less farmland, to meet the needs of a population expected to reach 9 billion people.
University President France A. Córdova said the center's mission embraces objectives in Purdue's "New Synergies" strategic plan for large-scale partnerships with public and private enterprises to conduct multidisciplinary research that meets needs of a global society.
"Food security is critical to the future of all our lives, here in the United States and around the world," Córdova said. "Addressing the challenge of food security will require a sustained research commitment to science, technology and innovation on a wide range of issues, such as plant genetics, crop and animal husbandry and policy analysis, and mitigating problems of climate change, global water shortages and land management. The challenge is one that Purdue is highly qualified to take on."
Greater investment in research is needed to examine how to meet the "food, feed and fuel needs of humanity" as Ejeta puts it - food for people, feed for livestock and fuel such as corn-based ethanol for vehicles.
"We cannot provide for all with the knowledge and resources we have today," Ejeta said. "Our food and natural resources problems are getting more complicated. New science, technology and innovations will be needed. Furthermore, single-discipline solutions are not going to get it done. We need more integrated and holistic approaches to research."