USDA grains report has big impact

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Editor’s note: This market commentary is provided by the Dairy Division at FCStone/Downes-O'Neill in Chicago, Ill.

“Perfection is achieved, not when there is nothing more to add, but when there is nothing left to take away.” Antoine de Saint-Exupery

Wow, what a difference a report makes.

Wednesday night, Class III was actively traded and prices held firm. At 7:30 a.m. CST Thursday, the USDA released its quarterly report and it was a big giant bear, sharp-clawed bear of a report for the grain markets. At the release time, grain futures were closed but milk futures were open. Milk almost instantly flipped form positive to negative in price. Corn was quickly called to open limit-down as it began trading there on OTC desks all around.

It takes a big move in grains to have a same-day impact on milk, and we saw that in sentiment and trade activity yesterday. Futures volume was strong early on, but tapered off throughout the day despite an active spot cheese session which saw both block and barrel prices unchanged alongside 12 block loads traded. There is product available, but buyers are there to pick it up — the perfect definition of balance. And that’s where we see us at right now — balanced fairly well on cheese supplies and demand for the moment.

We struggle equally, in the short term, to see a 25-cent move either up or down in spot cheese pricing, although we lean a tad more to the bearish side right now. With whey prices holding firm, and appearing to do so for months, we fail to see milk falling much below $16.00, if at all below it, this quarter.

But, in commodities, things change in an instant as the grain markets saw yesterday.

New Zealand is off peak and slowing down, but late rains will likely prolong the N. Islands season and talk of Oceania inventories being larger than normal should keep them applying pressure to spot pricing for longer than usual. Even though those in Oceania wouldn’t want to, they probably won’t be able to stop it. Add to that Algeria stated inventories are strong and they won’t need to import powders for several months. To seal the deal in our eyes (toward the bearish side), the USDA has released its updated milk price forecasts and they raised them; it’s the kiss of death — that when whey prices do break, we think milk prices will too as we don’t see cheese headed to $1.80/1.90 for a long time.

To tip the scales to the bearish side, even slightly, take notice of the volumes being traded. This year, higher price days have been, with little exception, lower volume days than down days. Look at the higher number of puts being traded vs. calls. The market is in protection mode. The market is not always right, but it should be listened to.

The big grain report was released at 7:30 a.m. CST yesterday and it forced the market move down, and in a hurry. Corn futures were limit down seconds after the open, coming off the limit move around 10 a.m. for roughly five minutes, then right back down to the 40-cent limit move.  Due to an underestimation of corn supply, the news came out that production and supply of domestic corn and beans came out better than predicted. Thus, the concerns about South American weather subsided for a day and March corn traded to $6.11 ½. The news on the beans was bearish, as well — not as bad as predicted on the international front, but came in a bit higher. 

It looks as though grains have some more room to head down, and with all the grains coming in strong, including wheat and beans, there looks to be some more attractive prices for end-users.   March beans fell to 11.825 down 20.5 cents, as they have been under similar downside pressure from yesterday.  We are looking for prices to continue to the downside into the weekend, with questions still looming about the international weather implications and margin clerks sharpening their pencils.

We look for corn to open 1 to 3 higher and for beans to open 2 to 5 higher. 

Daily CME spot market prices:

Block cheese: $1.595 (unchanged)

Barrel cheese $1.58 (unchanged)

Butter: $1.6125 (down 1.5 cents)  

Grade A NFDM: $1.45 (unchanged)

These data and comments are provided for information purposes only and are not intended to be used for specific trading strategies. Commodity trading is risky and FCStone Group, Inc., International Assets Holding Corporation, and their affiliates assume no liability for the use of any information contained herein. Although all information is believed to be reliable, we cannot guarantee its accuracy and completeness. Past financial results are not necessarily indicative of future performance. Any examples given are strictly hypothetical and no representation is being made that any person will or is likely to achieve profits or losses similar to those examples. References to and discussions of exchange traded products are made solely on behalf of FCStone, LLC. References to and discussions of OTC products are made solely on behalf of INTL Hanley, LLC, and OTC products are only available to eligible counterparties.

 

 


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Tammy Piotraschke    
Powers, MI  |  January, 13, 2012 at 01:07 PM

Here we go again; The paper traders controlling the livelyhood of production agriculture. We were all in better shape when trades were connected to actual production being traded.


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