Ag Summary: Corn Emergence Ahead Of 2009 Pace

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Abnormally cool temperatures dominated regions of the country west of the Rocky Mountains. Average temperatures dipped to as many as 12 degrees below normal in portions of California and Nevada, hampering emergence and head development of small grain crops in some areas. Elsewhere, above average temperatures aided summer crop growth, while mostly sun-filled days afforded producers ample time to complete fieldwork. Precipitation was scattered across the Nation during the week. Portions of the northern Great Plains and in southern Texas received rainfall totaling 4 inches or more during the week.

Corn: By May 30, producers had planted 97 percent of this year's corn crop, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence advanced to 85 percent complete by week's end, compared with 71 percent last year and 80 percent for the 5-year average. Warm temperatures promoted emergence of 16 percentage points or more throughout much of the Great Plains and Great Lakes regions during the week. Overall, 76 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition, up 5 percentage points from ratings last week and 6 percentage points better than this time last year.

Soybeans: Producers planted 21 percent of the Nation's soybean crop during the week, leaving progress, at 74 percent complete, 11 percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Sunny, mostly dry weather allowed for double-digit planting progress in all estimating States except Mississippi during the week. Emergence advanced to 46 percent complete by week's end, 13 percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence was most rapid in Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin where above average temperatures promoted progress of 30 percentage points or more during the week.

Winter Wheat: Nationally, 75 percent of the 2010 winter wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage by May 30, slightly behind both last year and the 5-year average. Ideal growing conditions promoted head development of 31 percentage points or more in Colorado, Michigan, Ohio, and Oregon during the week. Overall, 65 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition, down slightly from ratings last week but 20 percentage points better than this time last year.

Cotton: By week's end, producers had planted 79 percent of this year's cotton crop, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. In Texas, some fields in the Northern High Plains were expected to be replanted because of hail damage and excessive rainfall received earlier in the month. Nationwide, 5 percent of the crop was squaring, 1 percentage point ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Overall, 63 percent of the cotton crop was reported in good to excellent condition.

Sorghum: By May 30, producers had planted 50 percent of the 2010 sorghum crop, compared with 54 percent last year and 53 percent for the 5-year average. Despite planting progress of 11 percentage points or more during the week, double-digit delays remained in Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota.

Rice: Eighty-seven percent of the Nation's rice crop was emerged by week's end, 8 percentage points ahead of last year but on par with the 5-year average. While emergence was complete or nearly complete across much of the major rice-producing regions, abnormally cool temperatures in California continued to hold progress over 1 week behind normal despite advancing 25 percent during the week. Overall, 74 percent of the rice crop was reported in good to excellent condition, up 6 percentage points from last week and 21 percentage points better than this time last year.

Small Grains: Nationally, 93 percent of the 2010 oat crop was emerged by May 30, three percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. While emergence was complete or nearly complete across much of the major oat-producing region, overall progress in the Dakotas remained 0 percentage points or more behind normal. Heading advanced to 30 percent complete by week's end, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Overall, 78 percent of the oat crop was reported in good to excellent condition, down slightly from ratings last week but 22 percentage points better than this time last year.

Ninety-six percent of this year's barley crop was seeded by week's end, 9 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence advanced 18 percentage points during the week, leaving progress, at 80 percent complete, 23 percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Abnormally cool temperatures in Idaho and Montana during the past few weeks slowed emergence, leaving progress behind normal. Overall, 84 percent of the barley crop was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from ratings last week but 12 percentage points better than this time last year.

Spring wheat producers had seeded 95 percent of the 2010 crop by May 30, eight percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Seeding was complete or nearly complete in all estimating States except Montana, where progress trailed normal by more than 1 week. Emergence advanced 14 percentage points during the week to 84 percent complete, 20 percentage points ahead of last year but on par with the 5-year average. Overall, 85 percent of the spring wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from ratings last week but 12 percentage points better than this time last year.

Other Crops: By week's end, 81 percent of this year's peanut crop was planted, 12 percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Aided by mostly sunny conditions and limited rainfall, planting progress surged 20 percentage points or more during the week in all estimating States except Oklahoma and Texas.

Sunflower producers had planted 37 percent of the 2010 crop by May 30, compared with 28 percent last year and 42 percent for the 5-year average. Despite above average precipitation across much of the major sunflower-producing region during the week, planting progress advanced 16 percentage points or more in Colorado and the Dakotas.

Source: USDA



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