Despite a rather hot July, milk production in the top 23 dairy states still increased.

According to the USDA’s “Milk Production” report, milk production in the top 23 dairy states totaled 13.9 billion pounds for the month. That’s an increase of 1.5 percent compared to the previous July — and the smallest increase seen so far this year.

 New Mexico led the charge in July for total milk production increases, posting a gain of 12.6 percent compared to the previous year. The next largest increases were 7.9 percent for Texas and 6.8 percent for Colorado. States showing the largest declines in total milk production were Kentucky, down 8.8 percent and Missouri, down 8.2 percent.

Milk per cow in the top 23 states averaged 1,686 pounds for July, about 54 pounds per cow per day. Compared to July 2005, per cow output was up only 3 pounds for the month.

On the cow side of the equation, cow numbers for July were up 1.3 percent to 8.26 million compared to July 2005. However, on a month-to-month basis, cow numbers declined by 11,000 head since June. The chart below details cow numbers for the top 23 dairy states.

But what about that triple-digit heat wave that hit California in July? A quick comparison of June to July data on cow numbers shows that California  cow numbers were down 12,000 head. A June to July comparison of total milk production in the golden state showed a decline of 2.9 percent — or about 92,000 pounds.   

 

July milk cows (Top 23 dairy states)

 

2005

2006

% change

 

(1,000

head)

 

Calif.

1,756

1,771

0.9

Wis.

1,236

1,244

0.7

N.Y.

647

647

0.0

Pa.

561

555

-1.1

Idaho

460

490

6.2

Minn.

455

450

-1.1

N.M.

328

362

9.4

Texas

320

335

4.5

Mich.

313

321

2.5

Ohio

270

274

1.5

Wash.

245

237

-3.3

Iowa

193

200

3.5

Ariz.

162

170

4.8

Ind.

156

166

6.1

Vt.

143

141

-1.4

Fla.

136

131

-3.7

Ore.

121

121

0.0

Mo.

117

115

-1.8

Kan.

112

113

0.9

Ky.

106

97

-8.5

Colo.

105

112

6.3

Ill.

104

103

-1.0

Va.

105

103

-1.9

USDA