Milk production continues to surge.

During November, the top 23 dairy states churned out 13 billion pounds of milk — a gain of 4.6 percent versus a year ago, according to the November “Milk Production” report, released Dec. 16.

Milk output per cow in the top 23 dairy states was up 3.9 percent in November versus a year ago. Per-cow output averaged 1,590 pounds for the month, or 53 pounds per cow per day. The monthly average also represents a gain of 59 pounds versus November 2004.

The 23-state cow herd grew 0.7 percent during November versus a year ago. Cow numbers in the top 23 states totaled 8.16 million head — 60,000 head more than November 2004 and 2,000 head more than October 2005.

Three of the top 23 dairy states posted milk-production gains in excess of 10 percent. Total milk output grew 12.2 percent in both New Mexico and Texas. Idaho posted a gain of 12.3 percent versus a year ago.

Only four of the top 23 states posted losses. Kentucky and Missouri took the largest hits — down 5.4 percent and 4.1 percent, respectively. Florida came in third with a 3.5-percent production loss versus a year ago.

The table at right shows total milk production in each of the top 23 dairy states during November versus a year ago.

The USDA also revised October 2005 milk production in the Dec. 16 report. As a result, October milk production in the top 23 dairy states now stands 4 percent higher than a year ago, instead of the 4.1 percent reported in November.

November milk production (Top 23 dairy states)

 

2004

2005

% change

 

(million

pounds)

 

Calif.

2,960

3,053

   3.1

Wis.

1,750

1,838

5.0

N.Y.

918

962

4.8

Idaho

764

838

12.3

Pa.

799

834

4.4

Minn.

639

650

1.7

N.M.

517

580

12.2

Mich.

508

541

6.5

Texas

466

523

12.2

Wash.

429

444

3.5

Ohio

370

378

2.2

Iowa

306

303

-1.0

Ariz.

296

296

0.0

Ind.

237

259

9.3

Vt.

204

207

1.5

Colo.

181

193

6.6

Kan.

177

187

5.6

Ore.

179

180

0.6

Fla.

171

165

-3.5

Ill.

154

154

0.0

Va.

139

144

3.6

Mo.

146

140

-4.1

Ky.

112

106

-5.4

USDA