Milk production increased 1.1 percent in the top 23 milk-producing states in March versus a year ago, according to the USDA’s “Milk Production” report.

The report, released April 18, showed that the top 23 states churned out 14.8 billion pounds of milk in March. It also included a downward revision in February milk output. February output in the top 23 states now stands 0.6 percent higher than February 2006, instead of the 0.9 percent gain reported in March.

Milk production per cow in the top 23 states grew 7 pounds on a year-over-year basis. Output per cow averaged 1,782 pounds in March, or about 57 pounds per cow per day. 

The 23-state cow herd also grew. It saw a year-over-year gain of 58,000 head, or 0.7 percent, in March. That increase puts the 23-state cow herd at 8.28 million head, which also is 5,000 head more than February. The chart at right shows milk-cow numbers in each of the top 23 dairy states during March versus a year ago.

The USDA report also included quarterly production. During the January through March quarter, U.S. milk production totaled 46 billion pounds, up 1 percent versus the same time period a year ago. The average number of milk cows in the U.S. was 9.13 million head during that time, which is 36,000 head more than the same period last year.

During March, only 10 of the top 23 states saw year-over-year gains in milk output. Idaho posted the largest gain — up 6.5 percent versus a year ago. To see how milk output faired in your state, go to the full report at: http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/current/MilkProd/MilkProd-04-18-2007.pdf

March milk cows (Top 23 dairy states)

 

2006

2007

% change

 

(1,000

head)

 

Calif.

1,781

1,796

0.8

Wis.

1,241

1,246

0.4

N.Y.

645

628

-2.6

Pa.

555

550

-0.9

Idaho

476

504

5.9

Minn.

450

455

1.1

N.M.

347

349

0.6

Texas

332

347

4.5

Mich.

316

326

3.2

Ohio

273

275

0.7

Wash.

238

235

-1.3

Iowa

201

211

5.0

Ariz.

172

175

1.7

Ind.

163

167

2.5

Vt.

143

140

-2.1

Fla.

133

130

-2.3

Colo.

107

115

7.5

Mo.

115

115

0.0

Ore.

118

111

-5.9

Kan.

111

110

-0.9

Ill.

104

103

-1.0

Va.

103

100

-2.9

Ky.

100

94

-6.0

USDA