Five weeks after the National Milk Producers Federation asked for additional economic assistance for struggling dairy farmers, USDA has agreed to expand the Dairy Product Price Support Program in a way that should boost farm-level income.
In a decision announced Friday by Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, USDA said it will temporarily increase purchase prices for cheese and nonfat dry milk. The prices will rise from $1.13 per pound for block cheese to $1.31 per pound; barrel cheese, from $1.10 per pound to $1.28 per pound; nonfat dry milk powder, from $0.80 per pound to $0.92 per pound
“Once again, Agriculture Secretary Vilsack has used the tools at his disposal to help dairy farmers cope with the extreme drop in farm-level prices, and we appreciate his hard work on our members’ behalf,” says Jerry Kozak, NMPF president and chief executive officer.
The new levels, which will be imposed as of Aug. 1 and expire after Oct. 31, are higher than those requested by NMPF on June 26. NMPF had asked that the USDA raise purchase prices for block and barrel cheese by six cents a pound, and for nonfat dry milk by four cents a pound. Higher product prices will translate into higher farm-level prices, according to NMPF. The USDA estimates this will raise farmer income by $243 million.
“This step by USDA to raise farm-level milk prices comes at a critical time, and is yet another important effort the agency has made to help dairy farmers survive the worst recession in their lifetimes,” says Kozak.
Under the Dairy Product Price Support Program, the USDA serves as a buyer of last resort to help clear commodity dairy markets during periods of exceptionally low farm-level prices. NMPF had worked during passage of last year’s Farm Bill to revise the price support program to allow the agency to boost individual dairy product price levels, such as the cheese and powder prices raised today.
In addition to thanking the USDA, Kozak also cited the efforts of many members of the Senate and House, who had also called on the USDA recently to ask for a boost in price support levels.
“Elected officials understand that an important part of their constituency, and often a forgotten part, is truly suffering right now because of the recession,” he says. “We appreciate the attention this issue has gotten in Washington at USDA and in Congress.”
Kozak adds that USDA has already taken several other important steps to help farmers in 2009, including liquidating 200 million pounds of surplus milk powder, reauthorizing the Dairy Export Incentive Program and expediting the payments under the Milk Income Loss Contract program.
“Secretary Vilsack and his staff have been extremely response to the crisis on dairy farms, and will look forward to continue working with USDA to help address the pain that producers are feeling,” Kozak says.

Source: National Milk Producers Federation