At stake in the USDA decision is whether dairy beverages that largely resemble fluid milk —especially the reduced-carb milk drinks — ought to be priced as Class I products, or at the lower Class II price. NMPF argued for the former, and asked the USDA to consider using a protein threshold to determine in which class the beverages should fall.
The USDA’s decision on Wednesday basically agreed with NMPF’s contention, which will mean that any product at or above a 2.25 percent protein level — including low-carb milk drinks — will now be priced at the higher, Class I level.
“As technology and consumer preferences change, so must government regulations that balance the interests of farmers, processors and consumers,” said
Under a protein standard where any product below 2.25 percent protein is considered Class II, low-carb products, because of their proportionally higher level of dairy proteins, will be returned to the Class I category — meaning that processors of such products are now obligated to pay producers the highest, Class I value for milk under the Federal Milk Marketing Order system.
Last year, a major manufacturer of low-carb dairy beverages successfully petitioned the USDA to reclassify its products from Class I to Class II, and in so doing, it was able to retroactively reclaim money paid to dairy farmers. This new USDA decision will again place these low-carbohydrate products in the Class I category for pricing purposes.
In addition to creating the protein threshold, the USDA still maintains a solids level of 6.5 percent, meaning that in order to be classified under Class I, milk beverages must have at least that level of nonfat solids in them.
The USDA ruling also counts all dairy ingredients — including whey, milk protein concentrates (MPC’s), and casein — toward both the solids and the proteins thresholds.
National Milk Producers Federation