The 2013 crop may be closely compared to some circus performers. There are some midgets and some performers on stilts. Some corn plants are just emerging and some are beginning to show silks. Some of the crops resemble a finely tuned racing machine, while others are in dire need of repair.
Moisture conditions are also all over the scale, with a few dry conditions and others that have had standing water since the snow melted. However, many states indicate that crops are improving and looking like a large abundant crop should look at this time of the year.
USDA’s weekly crop progress and condition report for the 12 Corn Belt states indicates wide variations in the development of crops, much of which can be blamed on excessive moisture, which not only delayed planting, but also created an excess number of ponds and prevented regularly scheduled weed control measures.
ILLINOIS: Days suitable for fieldwork 3.2. Topsoil moisture 1 percent short, 72 percent adequate, 27 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture 1 percent short, 80 percent adequate, 19 percent surplus. Corn height 32 in., 62 in. 2012, 47 in. avg. Corn conditions were rated as 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Soybeans emerged progressed to 93 percent. Soybean conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 14 percent excellent. Another wet week was in store for farmers due to excess rainfalls. The humidity increased as a result of temperatures rising. Farmers were unable to continue working in the field due to the rain. Corn and soybean growth, however, has improved and appears to be looking much better. The big concern this past week was all of the weeds that have rapidly grown and been spotted in soybean fields. Precipitation averaged 1.88 inches throughout the State, 0.94 inches above normal.
INDIANA: Days suitable for fieldwork 3.1. Topsoil moisture 1 percent short, 63 percent adequate, 36 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture 3 percent short, 75 percent adequate, 22 percent surplus. Corn condition improved and is rated 79 percent good to excellent compared with 19 percent last year at this time. Planting of soybeans is nearing completion in most areas with the exception of some southern counties and double cropped acreage. Ninety-six percent of the soybean acreage has emerged compared with 100 percent last year and 93 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 74 percent good to excellent compared with 20 percent last year at this time. Precipitation ranged from 0.50 to 5.23 inches. Thunderstorms moved across the State during the week causing some wind damage and flash flooding. Some southern counties received heavy rainfall leaving standing water in many crop fields. The major field crops showed good growth with the warm temperatures early in the week and ample moisture.