Mid-week storms blew some corn acreage down across several northern and central counties with some green snap also reported. However, the extent of the damage is not yet known. A considerable amount of corn acreage began to tassel during the week. Topsoil is rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 23 percent surplus. Twenty-two percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 76 percent last year and 39 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition declined slightly and is rated 80 percent good to excellent compared with 8 percent last year at this time. Thirty percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 61 percent last year and 36 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 74 percent good to excellent compared with 11 percent last year at this time.
Dry weather continued across most of Iowa during the week ending July 14, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. The only significant precipitation was received in the north central and northeast portions of the state. Crops are beginning to need additional moisture. The warm and dry weather led to a decline in soil moisture levels. Statewide, 65 percent of topsoil is in the adequate and surplus categories, a 23 percentage point decline from last week and 84 percent of subsoil is in the adequate and surplus categories, down 12 percentage points from last week. Five percent of the corn crop had tasseled, well behind last year’s 83 percent and the five-year average of 42 percent. Scattered reports of the corn crop beginning to silk were received. Corn condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 45 percent good and 12 percent excellent. Thirteen percent of the soybean crop is blooming, lagging behind last year’s 71 percent and two weeks behind normal. Soybean condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 46 percent good and 12 percent excellent.
Most areas through central and northern Kansas received some showers last week. In addition, West Central and Southwest counties along the Colorado border received up to an inch of rain, a welcome relief to that drought-stricken area. Withering dryland corn and sorghum crops were reported in areas struggling through last week’s heat and dry conditions. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 27 percent very short, 47 short, 25 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 31 percent very short, 43 short, 26 adequate, and 0 surplus. Corn silking was 33 percent, behind 70 last year and 56 average. Corn dough was 4 percent, behind 28 last year and 10 average. Corn condition rated 7 percent very poor, 15 poor, 38 fair, 36 good, and 4 excellent. Soybeans were 21 percent blooming, behind 44 last year and 31 average. Setting pods were 2 percent, compared to 4 last year and 2 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 45 fair, 43 good, and 3 excellent.