In anticipation of the new pipeline take-away capacity from Cushing, 1,225,000 to 1,315,000 bbl/d of new pipeline capacity to deliver crude oil into the Cushing hub is also planned. The largest among these projects is the 600,000 bbl/d Enbridge Flanagan South Project, which would parallel the company's existing Spearhead Pipeline running from Patoka, Illinois to Cushing. Flanagan South is currently scheduled to be online in mid-2014. Another prominent project is Tallgrass' planned Pony Express conversion. The project would convert existing natural gas pipelines into 230,000-320,000 bbl/d of crude oil delivery capability from the Bakken formation and Denver-Julesburg basin to Cushing and nearby refineries in third quarter 2014.
Crude oil produced in the Permian Basin faces the same transportation constraints as Canadian imports and producers in the midcontinent. Two pipelines currently transport crude oil from the Permian Basin to Cushing: the Plains All American Basin pipeline, which was expanded from 400,000 to 450,000 bbl/d in early 2012; and the 175,000 bbl/d Oxy Centurion pipeline. A third pipeline, the Sunoco Logistics West Texas Gulf pipeline, has the capacity to transport 300,000 bbl/d from the Permian Basin to Longview, Texas, where it connects with the Mid-Valley pipeline to Samaria, Michigan. Because the existing pipelines are nearly fully utilized and deliver crude into the over-supplied Cushing hub and Midwest market, six pipeline projects that include pipeline reversals, expansion, and new lines that are either under construction or planned would provide 355,000 bbl/d of new capacity to move crude oil from the Permian Basin directly to the Gulf Coast in 2013, and 478,000 bbl/d of new capacity in 2014.
In sum, over the past three years, 815,000 bbl/d of new pipeline capacity delivering crude oil to Cushing was added. Over the same period, only 400,000 bbl/d of new pipeline take-away capacity was added. During the next two years an additional 1,190,000 bbl/d of pipeline capacity for delivering crude oil from Canada and the midcontinent to Cushing is planned, but this is balanced by 1,150,000 bbl/d of planned pipeline capacity additions to deliver crude oil from Cushing to the Gulf Coast. In addition, about 830,000 bbl/d of new pipeline capacity is planned to move crude oil directly from the Permian Basin to the Gulf Coast, avoiding the congested Midwest. If this capacity is constructed and fully utilized, waterborne imports to the U.S. Gulf Coast, particularly of light sweet crude oil, could drop significantly.