The calving pen is one of the most important facilities on a dairy farm since it affects the well-being of the cow and newborn calf. Properly designed and managed calving pens should:
1) Promote cow comfort and a low-stress environment for the cow.
2) Provide an opportunity for seclusion by the cow.
3) Minimize the health risk for the cow and calf.
4) Offer convenience for people working with the cow and calf.
Source: May 2012 W.H. Miner Agricutural Research Institute Farm Report