In general, small grain forage are low in minerals so that forage testing is recommended in order to provide livestock a properly balanced ration. Mineral supplements containing magnesium are usually used when grazing cattle on small grain pasture to minimize the occurrence of grass tetany. Small grain forages can also cause bloat and feeding high quality grass hay, silage and/or an ionophore such as Rumensin or Bovatec can provide some protection against bloat.
Table 1. Michigan spring triticale-peas mixtures variety trial yield (DM ton/acre) and forage quality, MSU Upper Peninsula Research Center, Chatham, Mich. (Min and Kapp)
*Variety not stated; seeded on May 3, 2010 and harvested on June 30, 2010
Table 2. Potential yield and forage quality of small grains (Darby, Univ. of Vermont)
DM = dry matter, CP = crude protein, NDF = neutral detergent fiber, dNDF = digestible neutral detergent fiber, IVDMD = in-vitro dry matter digestibility
Source: Doo-Hong Min, Michigan State University Extension