2. Set up farm gate biosecurity protocols. Farm gate biosecurity is exactly what it implies. Biosecurity and traffic control at the farm gate. These practices will reduce the risk of many diseases, including FMD, from entering the farm. Some of these steps also enhance physical farm security. Consider implementing the following farm gate biosecurity plan.
- A single driveway as entry point to the farm.
- A single designated visitor parking area.
- “STOP” signage at driveway entry, indicating that all visitors must check with management before entering premises and animal facilities.
- Signs and a “guest book” to screen visitors for recent visits to other farms and countries.
- Boot disinfecting station(s), with instructions, plastic boots and a waste disposal container.
- A foreign animal disease outbreak traffic control plan
See website at http://www.cvm.msu.edu/biosecurity for more info on setting up farm gate biosecurity protocols.
3. Know the signs of FMD and other FAD’s in your animals. Because Foot-and-Mouth Disease is such a dangerous and easily transported disease, it becomes important for those in Michigan agriculture to understand the signs in livestock. Should you see any unusual signs in your animals, including the following, contact your veterinarian.
Early signs of FMD include:
- Drop in feed consumption and milk production of infected animals.
- Elevated temperatures, especially in young animals.
- Blisters (vesicles) and erosions/ulcers in the mouth, on the tongue, muzzle and lips, on the teats and around feet.
- Excessive salivation and saliva that is sticky, foamy and stringy.
- Lameness with reluctance to move
4. Increase your surveillance (Be Aware). Surveillance for FADs is essential. Observe your animals daily for early signs of disease, including FMD. Train individuals and employees who work with animals to be observant of signs of illness. If someone notices signs that resemble those of FMD, call your veterinarian immediately OR the MDARD hotline at 517-373-1077 from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. or 517-373-0440 after hours OR USDA APHIS at 517-324-5290.
There are four aspects of an FAD outbreak everyone in the dairy and livestock industries should be aware of:
1. What to expect if a FAD outbreak is suspected in a herd.
2. What to expect once a FAD is confirmed in the first herd.
3. What to do and your role if an FAD outbreak occurs anywhere in North America.
4. Traffic control on your farm during an FAD outbreak.