Waterers in Cow Housing Areas: Provide a minimum of two water sources per group and cows should not have to walk more than 50 feet to get a drink of water. Waterers should be located close to feed bunks and protected from direct sunlight. Direct sunlight promotes algae growth which decreases water palatability. It is crucial to provide adequate open space around waterers. This is particularly important for waterers located in cross-over alleys. Cross-over alleys should be at least 13.5 feet wide to allow adequate watering and walking space. There should be approximately 4 inches of linear waterer space per cow in every group. It is critical to provide adequate waterer space and locate waterers properly to keep boss cows from preventing other cows from obtaining adequate water.
Waterer Cleanliness: Waterer cleanliness is the final, but very important, critical link in water nutrition. How clean? Would you be willing to cup your hands and take a drink from it? If not, then clean it! Water trough cleaning should be a regular chore that receives high priority.