2014 dairy cow culling at 2011 pace

Despite record-high beef prices, the number of U.S. dairy cows culled for slaughter under federal inspection fell about 12% behind last year, according to USDA’s monthly Livestock Slaughter report. If the 2014 trend continues, annual dairy cull cow slaughter totals will be less than 2013 and 2012, and about equal to 2011.

U.S. dairy cows culled for slaughter in October 2014 was estimated at 251,800 head, 14,100 more than September 2014, but down 25,000 from October 2013.

January-October 2014 slaughter was estimated at 2.341 million head, down 278,200 from the same period in 2013.

For the year to date, 30% of culled cows came from USDA Zone 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH & WI); 26% came from USDA Zone 9 (AZ, CA, HI & NV).

 

Weekly dairy cow slaughter under federal inspection

Week ending Nov. 8: 55,900 head

Year-to-date (YTD) 2014: 2.424 million head

YTD compared to same period 2013: -279,800 head

Highlights: For the week, 26% came from USDA Zone 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH & WI); 28% came from USDA Zone 9 (AZ, CA, HI & NV).

Source: USDA Weekly Cow Slaughter Report

 

Dairy CPI: Mostly higher in October

Other than fluid milk, October retail dairy product prices were higher compared to month earlier, and all were up from a year ago, according to unadjusted monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Overall October 2014 retail dairy product prices were +0.5% compared to September 2014, and +5.6% compared to October 2013. That compares to retail prices for all food eaten at home, which was +0.2% compared to September and +3.3% compared to the year earlier.

 

October 2014 Consumer Price Index (dairy)

 

 

% change from

% change from

Product

Oct. 2013

Sept. 2014

Dairy & related products

5.6

0.5

Milk

5.9

-0.5

Fresh whole milk

8.3

-0.6

Fresh milk (other)

4.7

-0.6

Cheese

8.9

1.3

Butter

29.8

4.5

Ice cream & related

1.0

0.5

Other dairy & related

3.7

1.0

All food at home

3.3

0.2

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

 

 

New Holland Sales Stables

Dairy replacement sales results from New Holland, Pa. on Nov. 19. Compared to last week, dairy cows cows sold mostly steady; demand was moderate. Bred heifers sold mostly weak compared to last week; demand was moderate. Wednesday's supply included 70 fresh milking cows, 5 springing cows, 20 short bred cows, 48 springing heifers, 46 short-bred heifers, 37 open heifers,and 20 bulls. All sales on a per-head basis, Holsteins unless otherwise noted.

 

Fresh cows

Supreme: 2800-2850 Few

Approved: 2200-2750

Medium: 1700-2150

Common: 1200-1500

 

Springing cows (7-9 months)

Approved: 2200 Individual

Medium: 1500-1600 Few

 

Bred cows: (4-6 months)

Approved: 1750 Individual

 

Short-bred cows: (1-3 months)

Medium: 1275-1400

Common: 1000-1125

 

Springing heifers (7-9 months)

Supreme: 2100-2400

Approved: 1700-2075

Medium: 1300-1675

Common: 1200-1300

 

Bred heifers (4-6 months)

Supreme: 1800-2125

Approved: 1475-1775

Medium: 1200-1350

 

Short-bred heifers (1-3 months)

Supreme: 1700-1750

Approved: 1350-1600

 

Open Heifers

Supreme

1200-1500 lbs 1500-1550

 

Approved

300-600 lbs 850-985

600-900 lbs 1100-1250

900-1200 lbs 1200-1525

1200-1500 lbs 1200-1500

 

Medium

300-600 lbs 750-800

600-900 lbs 900-1075

 

Common

600-900 lbs 650-700

900-1200 lbs 775-800