Dairy cow slaughter surges

With milk prices heading lower – and beef prices remaining high – there's been a resurgence of dairy cow culling. With weekly estimates (see below), U.S. dairy cull cow slaughter for the weeks ending Jan. 10 and Jan. 17 totaled 130,000 head, the highest two-week total dating back to March of 2013.

Week ending Jan. 17: 65,200 head

Year-to-date (YTD) 2015: 178,200 head

YTD compared to same period 2014: -1,200 head

Weekly regional highlights: Across major dairy regions of the country, 17% of total dairy cows culled came from Zone 3 (DE, MD, PA, VA & WV); 24% came from USDA Zone 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH & WI); 29% came from USDA Zone 9 (AZ, CA, HI & NV).

Source: USDA Weekly Cow Slaughter Report

 

California: Cheese output a state record

Total California cheese production reached a record 2.42 billion lbs. in 2014.

Cheddar, Monterey and Mozzarella cheeses accounted for about 85% of the state's total cheese production, with Mozzarella cheese representing more than half of all the cheese produced in California.

To read more, download the February 2015 issue of the Dairy Information Bulletin. The February 2015 issue of the California Dairy Review has also been posted on the Dairy Marketing Branch website.

 

New Holland Sales Stables

Dairy replacement sales results from New Holland, Pa. on Jan. 28. Compared to previous sale, replacement cows sold mostly weak. Bred heifers sold mostly steady. Demand was moderate. Overall quality not as good as previous week. 231 head sold. All sales on a per-head basis, Holsteins unless otherwise noted.

 

Fresh cows

Supreme: 2400-2500 Individual 2900

Approved: 1800-2350

Medium: 1400-1750

Common: 1000-1375

 

Springing cows (7-9 months)

Supreme: 2325 Individual

Approved: 1700-1850

Medium: 1375-1475

 

Bred cows (4-6 months)      

Approved: 1400-1700

Medium: 1200-1375

 

Short-bred cows (1-3 months)

Approved: 1400-1500

 

Cull cows

1050-1650

 

Springing heifers (7-9 months)

Approved: 1600-2025

Medium: 1200-1550

Common: 900-1175

 

Bred heifers (4-6 months)      

Approved: 1350-1550

 

Short bred heifers (1-3 months)

Common: 900-1000 Few

 

Open Heifers

300-600 lbs:

Medium: 525-560

Common: 425-475

 

600-900 lbs:

Medium: 800-975 Few

Common: 485-750

 

900-1200 lbs:

Not tested

 

 

Springfield Livestock Marketing Center

Dairy replacement sales results from special sale held at Springfield, Mo., on Jan. 27. Demand was good, supply moderate. 715 head sold. Holsteins unless noted otherwise. Prices reported on a per head basis.

 

Springer heifers (bred 7-9 mos)

Supreme: 1800-2050; ind crossbred 2010

Approved: 1500-1750; few crossbreds 1700-1775

Medium: 1300-1475; crossbreds 1250-1550

Common: 860-1225; crossbreds 900-1200

 

Heifers (bred 3-6 mos)

Supreme: 1785-2150

Approved: 1475-1700; few Jerseys 1225-1300

 few crossbreds 1285-1535

Medium: 1200-1425; few crossbreds 1100-1150

Common: 700-1050; few Jerseys 925-1000

 

Heifers (bred 1-3 mos)

Approved: few 1300-1560

Medium: few 1025-1050; ind crossbred 1175

Common: 760-950

 

Open Heifers

Approved

170-295 lbs: 475-535

325-370 lbs: 560- 650; ind Jersey 365 lbs 535; few crossbreds 535

401-451 lbs: 685- 775; few crossbreds 585-675

508-520 lbs: 760- 875; lot of 16 head 580 lbs 925

615-685 lbs: 810-960

713-796 lbs: 1000.-1160

 

Fresh & milking cows

Supreme: ind 1975; ind Jersey 1800, ind crossbred 1700

Approved: 1575-1750; crossbreds 1300-1425

Medium: 1350-1475

Common: 900-1200

 

Springer Cows

Supreme: ind 1750

Approved: 1525-1700; few Jerseys 1675-1725

Medium: few 1300-1320; crossbreds 1200-1475

Common: 800-1000

 

Bred Cows:

Supreme: 1775-2000

Approved: 1450-1625

Medium: 1100-1400; crossbreds 1150-1400

Common: few Jerseys 700-1010

 

Baby Calves

Holstein heifers: scarce

Crossbred heifers: scarce