Comparing October 2014 to October 2013:

• U.S. milk production up 3.8%

• U.S. cow numbers up 77,000

• Milk per cow up 52 lbs./month

Nationally, October 2014 milk production was estimated at 17.095 billion lbs., up 3.8% from October 2013, according to USDA’s monthly report.

U.S. milk cow numbers were estimated at 9.28 million head, 4,000 head more than September 2014 and 77,000 more than October 2013. Production per cow averaged 1,842 lbs. for October, up 52 lbs. from the same month a year earlier.

Dave Kurzawski, FCStone, characterized the report as bearish compared to market expectations.

Eric Meyer said the report was neutral versus HighGround Dairy expectations.

October milk production in the 23 major states totaled 16.048 billion lbs., up 3.9% from October 2013.

October 2014 milk cow numbers in the major states was 8.593 million head, up 3,000 from September 2014 and 89,000 head more than October 2013. Production per cow in those states averaged 1,868 lbs. for October, 51 lbs. more than October 2013, and the highest production per cow for October since USDA’s 23-state series began in 2003.

September revised production in the major states, at 15.5 billion lbs., was up 4.3% from September 2013. The September revision represented an increase of 22 million pounds (0.1%) from last month's preliminary production estimate.

Fourteen states reported increases in cow numbers compared to a year ago, with largest year-to-year increases in Texas (+32,000); Michigan (+17,000); Idaho (+10,000); Washington (+9,000); and Kansas and Colorado (each +8,000). Five states posted declines in cow numbers, led by Minnesota and Illinois (each -3,000); and Wisconsin, Virginia and Ohio (each -2,000). Cow numbers in California, Florida, Pennsylvania and Vermont were unchanged.


Utah, Colorado, Texas and Virginia led all states in the increase in milk production per cow compared to the same month a year earlier.