Market Growing for Used Robots

More units become available as technology evolves. ( Wyatt Bechtel )

In the evolution of any type of equipment there comes a time when new versions of the original model are developed, creating a market for equipment that, while still useful, gets turned in when the owner decides to upgrade.

Such is the situation with milking robots. Since the first robots were installed in the U.S. in the late 1990s, robot manufacturers have continued to innovate. Both Lely and DeLaval launched new versions of their standard robotic milking units, and GEA has several rotary robotic milking units now operational in the U.S.

As technology evolves and new models are launched, producers who want to upgrade to the latest technology need to get value from existing equipment. That’s where the used market comes into play.

“Our secondary market is growing quickly,” says Chad Huyser, vice president of North America for Lely. He says the dealer-driven used market creates a different paradigm for both the corporate and individual dealer businesses. Dealers have to now manage inventories of used equipment, while also refurbishing equipment that needs repair. At the same time the dealer has to establish a trade value amicable to the dealer and the previous owner.

“We are finding that used robots can hold anywhere from 50% to 75% of their original value, depending on age, condition of equipment and other factors,” Huyser says, which is good news for the owner who wants to trade in a robot on a new model.

“We incentivize our dealers to refurbish units,” says Gavin Strang, market development manager, capital systems with DeLaval. “The condition of the robot has a lot to do with the maintenance program that has been followed over time.”


If maintained properly, robots have a relatively long lifespan.

“Some of our early robots are still working after 18 or 20 years,” Huyser says, adding that producers don’t necessarily change out robots because they’re not working properly. “Producers look to new robots mostly because they want to take advantage of new technology that has evolved over time.”

Still, the condition of the robot is something to take into consideration when buying a used robot.

“When evaluating any kind of equipment, the condition is extremely important,” says Tim Baumgartner, dairy lending team leader with Compeer Financial. “Whenever you are purchasing used equipment, whether it is through a dealership or via private sale, always be sure that you do your due diligence.”

According to Baumgartner, if producers aren’t as familiar with what to look for when evaluating a used robot, he encourages them to pull in external resouces for evaluation before making a purchase.


“Like other pieces of equipoment, robots are subject to advances in technology and required updates,” he says. “In some cases there may be more advances and updates required with robots that a producer who is investing in them for the first time may not be aware of, so it is important for them to do their homework.”

When a producer goes to their lender for a loan on a used robot, Huyser says the conversation with lenders around used equipment is generally the same.

“It’s an education for lenders just as it is with new robotic equipment,” he says. “For some lenders, robotic milking is relatively new and now the used equipment business is developing. It is still important that we educate influencers, including lenders, on the advantages of robotic milking as more and more producers now have access to the equipoment via the pre-owned market..”

Loans on used equipment can be different, Baumgartner says, due to the length of usefulness of the equipment.

“For a new robotic installation we would look at financing for 7 to 10 years on either a lease or a loan,” he says. “In comparison to a used robot that would typically be a shorter term, however it really is determined on a case by case basis.”

More producers, especially large dairies, are looking to robots to help alleviate the challenges with finding and keeping a stable labor force. Even as producers struggle through a difficult economic situation, sales of robotic systems continue to grow. As more used equipment becomes available, more dairy producers can get into robotic milking.