The health and productivity of young calves can be affected by a wide range of metabolic and pathogenic conditions. Among the maladies that can profoundly affect calves’ health is their intake and balance of sodium.
Adequate feeding space for every heifer is a moving target for most dairies and heifer raisers. When overcrowding occurs and not all heifers can eat at the same time, how does this affect animal performance?
Summer climate changes mean preweaned calves need more water in their diets to prevent dehydration. But calf and heifer specialist Sam Leadley says calves also need water year-around for optimal digestive development.